Panel 3

Disaster Preparedness & Emergency Response
This panel will discuss current research on disaster preparedness and emergency response.

The Impact of Ballistic Equipment in the Fire Service to STAGING Time
Anthony Rios, UCF Doctoral Program in Public Affairs

The purpose of this presentation is to evaluate through exploratory research whether the deployment of ballistic equipment in environments that are potentially violent in nature (i.e., Gun Shot Wound or Stabbing) like encountered in an Active Shooter and Mass Causality environment reduce the time responders STAGE. The term STAGE for this purpose of this evaluation is the segment of response time that an emergency fire department response vehicle positions itself in a non-ominous location, after being dispatched, and waits for consent from law enforcement that the scene is safe, or additional information is received from the Communications 9-1-1 Center that provides strategic information on the conditions of the potentially violent incident. The result of the design model used for this study displayed statistical significance in the reduction of STAGE seconds to the deployment of vest and the control variables of responder tenure, patient contact time and supervisor arrival resulted in significant findings.

Participation and Non-Participation in FEMA’S Community Rating System (CRS) Program: Insights from CRS Coordinators and Floodplain Managers
Jenna Tyler, UCF Doctoral Program in Public Affairs
Abdul-Akeem Sadiq, UCF School of Public Administration
Doug Noonan, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis, School of Public and Environmental Affairs

The presentation is the first comprehensive and systematic review of the evidence-based practice, policy, and management literature to date. Preliminary findings indicate that the majority of studies are conceptual in focus, there are disagreements in terms of what constitutes evidence, and a primary area of inquiry is determining the extent to which public managers and policymakers use academic research to guide decision-making. Strengths and weaknesses of the current state of knowledge are identified and used to establish a robust research agenda that will aid scholars seeking to advance the evidence-based practice, policy, and management scholarship.

Emergency Management through Public-Private Partnerships to Address Students’ Needs: Hurricane Irma Case Study
Sara Iman, UCF Doctoral Program in Public Affairs
Y. Gurt Ge, UCF School of Public Administration
Joseph Szmerekovsky, North Dakota State University

The body of literature on business participation in disaster relief pre-positioning and procurement planning is limited. To further analyze this crucial research gap, this presentation examines the current pattern of public-private partnerships contributing to humanitarian logistics in hurricane relief efforts in the State of Florida. It will further explore ways to incentivize businesses to be a part of the humanitarian logistics system. A dynamic framework is proposed for collaborative decision-making among government agencies, businesses, and other stakeholders that support disaster relief efforts in Florida.

Post-Disaster Evidence-Based Resiliency: Lessons Learned from Hurricane Irma
Claire Connolly-Knox, UCF School of Public Administration
Jasmine Blais, UCF School of Public Administration
Juan Lugo, UCF School of Public Administration

Billion-dollar disasters have steadily increased in the U.S. and abroad, which has focused our attention to community resiliency. This study uses a two-phased, coding methodology to systematically analyze 20 county-level after action reports (63% response rate) breadth and depth across 39 factors of resiliency. Results highlight a strength among some of the resiliency factors across the counties (i.e., shelter capacity, health/wellbeing of internal employees, internal local government collaboration, formal education of staff, and communication capacity), while the majority of counties showed a lack of resiliency factors (i.e., referencing the county’s land use plans, external institutional change recommendations, long-term relocation of vulnerable populations, faith-based community collaboration, and private sector collaboration). The presentation will conclude with practical and future research recommendations.